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There are 2 main stages of periodontal (gum) disease

STAGE 1: Gingivitis

This stage is easier to treat because it only affects the gums.

Left untreated, gingivitis can lead to a more serious condition known as periodontitis

Picture of the gingivitis
  • Red, swollen gums
  • Leads to periodontitis

STAGE 2: Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a cascade of problems that can occur when gingivitis is left untreated.

Several factors work together to cause gum disease to worsen, and could lead to surgery.

Picture of stage 2 gum disease
Picture of advanced stage 2 gum disease
Images courtesy of Larry A. Sweeting, DDS
  • Bacteria cause infections
  • Pockets, or spaces, form between tooth and gum
  • Pocket depth increases
  • Leads to disease progression and possibly surgery

Pockets increase in depth

Your dental professional will measure the depth of your pockets using a tiny probe. A pocket of 4 or more millimeters is a sign that you have gum disease. If you wait to treat your gum disease, it could lead to painful and expensive surgery in the future. So don't wait. Ask your dental professional how ARESTIN® can help prevent further damage today.

Pocket depth is one indicator of the severity of periodontal disease.
A pocket depth of 4 mm or more may mean you have an infection.
A pocket depth of 7 mm or more has the highest risk of permanent damage.
Learn how to treat gum diseaseContinue